Research opportunities

Project 030 – Effectiveness of pre-treatment music as an intervention to manage anxiety in the dental setting

Introduction

Dental anxiety is common in the general population and has been identified as a barrier to people accessing timely and appropriate professional care. Listening to music during a dental procedure has been associated with a reduction in the experience of dental anxiety, accompanied by physiological changes such as reductions in heart rate, blood pressure and respiratory rates, but there is a lack of research investigating the effect of music provide pre-treatment and/or during treatment.

Aims

To explore the effectiveness of pre-treatment music in the management of dental anxiety in general practice.

Who can participate?

General dentists who practice in metropolitan Melbourne.

What will you be asked to do?

  • (With the help of your team) ask your patients who meet the inclusion criteria (over 18 years of age who have an appointment for dental fillings) if they would be willing to participate in the study by completing a questionnaire (Modified Dental Anxiety Scale) before treatment starts. Patients with a score of 11 or higher will be invited to participate by completing a further questionnaire on arrival for their appointment and wearing on-ear headphones and a pulse monitor while in the waiting room and surgery. They will be randomly assigned to one of three study groups:
    • Music before and during dental treatment
    • Music during dental treatment only
    • No music (control group)
  • Recruit up to 21 patients to participate in the study (7 patients will be randomly assigned to each study group).
  • Become an eviDent member (membership is free) and complete the minimum training requirements as well as additional training for this project, for which CPD credit will be provided.

Why should you participate?

  • You and your practice may benefit from the outcomes of this study, leading to increased professional satisfaction and wellbeing;
  • Be part of an eviDent project that will ultimately contribute to the practice of dentistry in Australia.

How do you participate?

Please contact Ms Meaghan Quinn by calling 03 8825 4603 or email .

Who are the researchers?

Dr Roisin McGrath, Dr Chris Wenn, Dr Bob Cvetkovic and Dr Jodie Heap.

Project 031 – Dental practice acquired SARS-CoV-2 infections in Victoria, Australia 2020/21

Introduction

From the outset of the pandemic, the perception has been that the dental profession is at increased risk of workplace acquired COVID-19, however the evidence does not appear to support this, with very few reported cases of transmission in the dental setting. Meng et al (2020) report on two cases where dental nurses likely acquired COVID-19 in January and February 2020 in Wuhan at the very outset of the pandemic. Analysis of the epidemiology and medical history suggests that in only two of these cases (both nurses from the same department) it was likely that the infection was acquired in the dental setting. Importantly, this occurred in January and February 2020 prior to COVID-19 being declared an epidemic.

Aims

  • To report on the cases of SARS-CoV-2 infection that occurred in dental practice settings in Victoria, Australia since March 2020
  • To describe the circumstances of transmission to improve the understanding of whether the provision of dental care poses a risk to patients or dental practitioners and their staff during periods of uncontrolled community transmission of SARS-CoV-2.

Who can participate?

Dentists and dental specialists who:

  • Are practising in Victoria; and
  • Have contracted SARS-CoV-2 at any time since February 2020.

What will you be asked to do?

Complete an online questionnaire that should take approximately 10-15 minutes of your time.

Why should you participate?

  • You and your practice may benefit from the outcomes of this study, leading to increased professional satisfaction and well-being;
  • Be part of an eviDent project that will ultimately contribute to the practice of dentistry in Australia.

How do you participate?

Please click on the following link to participate: https://melbourneuni.au1.qualtrics.com/jfe/form/SV_39iI5W5s35f8k86?jfefe=new

Who are the researchers?

  • A/Prof Matthew Hopcraft
  • Dr Nicola Wong

Project 032 – The use of silver diamine fluoride by Australian dental professionals

Introduction

Silver diamine fluoride (SDF) is a topically applied clinical treatment solution with a combined therapeutic effect of silver ions and fluoride ions that is approved by the Therapeutics Goods Administration as a treatment for dentine hypersensitivity in Australia. However, off-label use of SDF to arrest and prevent dental caries is increasingly mentioned in guidelines for caries management.

Aims

To determine the attitudes and perceptions of dental professionals towards SDF usage in Australia.

Who can participate?

Dentists and dental specialists who:

  • are practising in Victoria
  • have access to the internet.

What will you be asked to do?

Complete an online questionnaire that should take approximately 10-15 minutes of your time.

Why should you participate?

  • Help address important barriers to the use of a potentially valuable clinical tool that can enhance the provision of minimally invasive dentistry in Australia
  • Help to highlight areas for further research and training to ensure optimal clinical practice
  • Be part of an eviDent project that will ultimately contribute to the practice of dentistry in Australia.

How do you participate?

Use the following link: redcap.link/w1tawhf8

Who are the researchers?

The researchers for this project are Dr Mihiri Silva, Dr James Fernando, Dr Michael Wylie, Miss Marianne Yu Rei Chua, Mr Benjamin Brian Douglas, Ms Pei Peggie Chen, Miss Deniz Mirza, Mr Jason Do, Mr Arjun Amreet Singh Gosal, Mr Nathan Yik-Sum Fong, Mr Xujia Cao, Mr Haesun Jo and Mr Matthew Lingdong Du.

Ethics Approval

This project has human research ethics approval from the University of Melbourne (Project ID 2022-23081-26855-2).

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